Policies and Strategies
Water Sector Policy and Strategy
The existing Water Policy of 2002 was formed after the amendment of Water Policy of the year 1991. The main objective of this revised policy is to develop a comprehensive framework for sustainable development and management of the National water resources, in which an effective legal and institutional framework for its implementation will be put in place. The policy aims at ensuring that beneficiaries participate fully in planning, construction, operation, maintenance and management of community based domestic water supply schemes. This policy seeks to address cross-sectoral interests in water, watershed management and integrated and participatory approaches for water resources planning, development and management. Also, the policy lays a foundation for sustainable development and management of water resources in the changing roles of the Government from service provider to that of coordination, policy and guidelines formulation, and regulation.The Water Sector has been included among priority sectors in the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP/MKUKUTA). Despite its importance to human survival and development, water in the country is poorly distributed in time, space, quantity and quality and,generally, it is a finite and vulnerable resource that has to be managed and used on a sustainable basis.
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National Water Quality Management and Pollution Control Strategy
A ministry responsible for water has existed in Tanzania for many years and the first laws to manage water quality were enacted in 1973. Since then, plans to manage the country ‟s water resources have been implemented and revised regularly since the donor sponsored regional „Water Master Plans1‟were developed in the early 1980s.
More recently, significant legal2 and institutional changes3 have been implemented based on the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) model. Tanzania ‟s current national policy for water resource management is enunciated in the National Water Sector Development Strategy, 2008, which outlines the broad strategic and political directions for the development of the sector. The NWSDS includes a simple action plan for water quality management. This strategy document complements and expands on those directives through the following plans and recommendations: