The United Republic of Tanzania

Current Events

ABOUT NILE BASIN INITIATIVE

The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is an intergovernmental partnership of 10 Nile Basin countries, namely Burundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, The Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Eritrea participates as an observer.  Established on 22nd February, 1999 the countries, for the first time in the Basin's history, agreed on an all-inclusive and impartial basin-wide institution.  They also agreed on a shared Vision objective, which is ‘To achieve sustainable socio-economic development through the equitable utilization of, and benefit from, the common Nile Basin water resources.’

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The Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) is currently implementing the Water Sector Development
Programme that aims to improve access to safe water and sanitation facilities in rural and urban areas
in Tanzania. Under this programme, MoWI is planning to construct a water supply scheme in Simiyu
region from Lake Victoria to the districts of Busega, Maswa, Bariadi, Meatu and Itilima.
The project will be financed and built in phases but is planned to eventually cover about 20 % of
Simiyu’s total area including the five district centres and about 250 villages with up to 55% of the
region’s total population. Phase 1 will bring piped water to the towns of Bariadi and Lagangabilili as
well as to villages located up to a distance of 12 km from the water supply mains.

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The Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) is currently implementing the Water Sector Development
Programme that aims to improve access to safe water and sanitation facilities in rural and urban areas in
Tanzania. Under this programme, MoWI is planning to construct a water supply scheme in Simiyu region
from Lake Victoria to the districts of Busega, Maswa, Bariadi, Meatu and Itilima. The project is entitled
Climate Resilient Water Supply Project in Busega, Bariadi and Itilima Districts, Simiyu Region, hereinafter
referred to as the Simiyu Water Supply Project.
The project is designed to alleviate the adverse impacts of climate change, which is predicted to worsen
the water supply situation in the semi-arid areas of Tanzania. Extracting water from Lake Victoria offers the
most reliable and robust approach to improving the water supply coverage in Simiyu region.

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The overall goal of this project is to increase water supply coverage to urban areas and thus, contributing to the Government efforts towards improvement of the livelihood and poverty alleviation. The current project to which this ESIA is subject to is executed in two packages, i.e. 2B and 2F. Project components 2B and 2F falls within Kinondoni and Bagamoyo District Council. The details about the geographical coverage of the project packages is discussed in this report.

Further, the focus of this report is on the environmental and social impact of the distribution networks water kiosks in the two project packages. Environmental and social impacts for the proposed project have been identified for the different phases of its implementation. Significant positive impacts will mainly include job creation and increased income to local communities and improved sanitation. Identified significant negative impacts of the proposed project include loss of flora and fauna along the road reserve areas of the street roads, noise pollution, loss of scenery, traffic congestions where works is involving road crossing that requires traffic diversion or low speeds, soil erosion, increased spread of HIV/AIDS and increased hazard of diseases due to increased wastewater. Other identified impacts will have minor and moderate positive impacts while others will have minor and moderate negative impacts.

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The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania (GoT), with assistance from Development Partners (DPs), has been implementing the Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP) since 2006. This Programme focuses on prioritized water resources management and service delivery in the water and sanitation sector. The proponent of the Programme is the GoT, while the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) is the implementing institution on behalf of the Government.

The WSDP was set up as a SWAP arrangement with a number of DPs providing financing in the form of basket lending. In order to ensure adequate environmental and social management during the Programme implementation, and to comply with national environmental laws and the World Bank’s safeguard policies, an Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) and Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) were developed by the MoWI as part of the WSDP-I in 2006, and was updated in 2014 for the WSDP-II.

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The Government of Tanzania (GoT), through the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) is implementing the Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP) or “the Programme”, for the period 2006–2025.The first phase of the project (WSDP-I) started in July 2007 and the Additional Financing closed at the end of December 2015. The second phase of Programme (WSDP-II) is been implemented from 2015 until June 2019. The WSDP I and II were set up as a SWAP arrangement with a number of DPsproviding financing in the form of basket lending. The WB provided basket lending for WSDP I, but not for WSDP II.

Under the proposed Second Water Sector Support Project (WSSP-II), the World Bank will finance specifically defined activities of the WSDP-II. The WB is not supporting the overall WSDP-II, as such the World Bank’s safeguard policies, are not required to be applied to the Programme. The specific activities financed by the World Bank under WSSP-II or activities linked thereto (as defined under OP/BP 4.01 and OP/BP 4.12) are referenced herein as the “WSSP-II Activities”. The GoT and other DPs involved in WSDP-II may choose to use this Resettlement Management Framework (RMF) as a reference document for the environmental and social management. However, accordingly, the Bank will not and has no obligation to review or clear any safeguard instruments or perform any supervision or monitoring with respect to any other activity than the WSSP-II.

The overall objective of this Resettlement Management Framework (RMF)for the WSSP-II, is to guide the MoWI and the Implementing Agencies (IAs) in the compliance of the national law and the World Bank’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy (OP/BP 4.12) during WSSP-II implementation,by defining concepts, principles, methodologies, tools, and procedures that should be applied during the “project cycle”.

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